WHAT ARE HEMORRHOIDS?

Hemorrhoids are nothing but swollen blood vessels in the anus – similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can develop on the inside of the anus, or on the outside of the ring muscle.

The exact causes are not known, but the most common contributing factors are:

poor diet;
persistent constipation;
continuous pressure by, for example, spending long periods on the toilet;
pregnancy;
a low in diet

HOW DO YOU KNOW YOU HAVE HEMORRHOIDS?

It’s a very common condition: Nearly three out of every four adults develop hemorrhoids during their lifetime. Many people never experience symptoms. The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids:

persistent itching around the anus;
bleeding with stools – usually clear blood on the surface of the stool;
a painful mass outside the anus; and
swelling around the anus.

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